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Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease that progressively degenerates the central nervous system, affecting the brain and spinal cord. As a consequence of this degeneration symptoms may appear such as loss of motor control, loss of vision, weakening of the muscular system, generation of problems in the urinary system, chronic pain, sleep disturbances, spasticity, among others.
The role played by CBD (Cannabidiol) as a coadjuvant treatment is essential to reduce muscle spasms developed by patients with this disease. Likewise, it is proven that the medicinal properties of CBD reduce pain, improve sleep disturbances, help to combat the problems of urinary incontinence and discomfort, among other symptoms that may be present.
Although this disease has been considered primarily an inflammatory disorder, the importance of neurodegenerative events in the disease has also been highlighted. In this way, the possibility has been opened that CBD, due to its cytoprotective properties, may be useful to reduce the death of oligodendrocytes and axonal damage during the disease.
CBD has immunosuppressive and anti-inflammatory properties. In addition, it potentiates the progression of T cells of the immune system towards its th2 phenotype, which helps reduce the degree of immune destruction in affected patients.
A study conducted at the University of Catania, Italy, analyzed the data of 1,534 patients from different centers dedicated to the treatment of multiple sclerosis. The investigation concluded that, after the first month of treatment with Cannabidiol, 61.9% of the patients decreased symptoms such as cramps or nocturnal spasms, among others.
According to the Consortium of Multiple Sclerosis Centers (CMSC) and its study “Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Controversial and unconventional therapies” the impact on the cognitive abilities of CBD is notoriously less than the use of conventional therapy. In this regard, reports are emerging on symptomatic improvement for stiffness, muscle spasms, neuropathic pain, sleep and bladder distension in patients with multiple sclerosis who treat their disease with cannabidiol.
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